The special and significant name (not merely an appellative title such as Lord [adonai]) by which God revealed himself to the ancient Hebrews (Ex. 6:2, 3). This name, the Tetragrammaton of the Greeks, was held by the later Jews to be so sacred that it was never pronounced except by the high priest on the great Day of Atonement, when he entered into the most holy place. Whenever this name occurred in the sacred books they pronounced it, as they still do, "Adonai" (i.e., Lord), thus using another word in its stead. The Massorets gave to it the vowel-points appropriate to this word. This Jewish practice was founded on a false interpretation of Lev. 24:16. The meaning of the word appears from Ex. 3:14 to be "the unchanging, eternal, self-existent God," the "I am that I am," a convenant-keeping God. (Comp. Mal. 3:6; Hos. 12:5; Rev. 1:4, 8.)
   The Hebrew name "Jehovah" is generally translated in the Authorized Version (and the Revised Version has not departed from this rule) by the word LORD printed in small capitals, to distinguish it from the rendering of the Hebrew Adonai and the Greek Kurios, which are also rendered Lord, but printed in the usual type. The Hebrew word is translated "Jehovah" only in Ex. 6:3; Ps. 83:18; Isa. 12:2; 26:4, and in the compound names mentioned below.
   It is worthy of notice that this name is never used in the LXX., the Samaritan Pentateuch, the Apocrypha, or in the New Testament. It is found, however, on the "Moabite stone" (q.v.), and consequently it must have been in the days of Mesba so commonly pronounced by the Hebrews as to be familiar to their heathen neighbours.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Jehovah — is an English reading of (second instance), ] and although seriously critiqued by John Drusius in 1604 A.D.,See Pages 209 210 of Gerard Gertoux s book: The name of God Y.EH.OW.AH which is pronounced as it is written I EH OU AH ] and later… …   Wikipedia

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  • Jehovah — Jehovah, der da ist, war und sein wird, der erhabenste hebräische Ausdruck für Gott, den Ewigen, Unveränderlichen, Treuen, der Name des höchsten Wesens, bei welchem man schwur, den die Rabbiner für so heilig hielten, daß er nur von den Priestern… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Jehovah — 1530, Tyndale s erroneous transliteration of Hebrew Tetragramaton YHWH using vowel points of Adhonai my lord (see YAHWEH (Cf. Yahweh)). Used for YHWH (the full name being too sacred for utterance) in four places in the Old Testament in the KJV… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Jehovah — Je*ho vah, n. [Heb. usually y[e^]h[=o]v[=a]h (with the vowel points of [a^]d[=o]n[=a]i Lord), sometimes (to avoid repetition) y[e^]h[=o]vih (with the vowel points of [e^]l[=o]h[=i]m God); but only the four Heb, consonants yhvh are conceded to be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Jehovāh — (eigentlich Jehaveh, d.i. der da ist, war, sein wird), Benennung des hebräischen Nationalgottes, bei welchem die Eide abgelegt wurden. Der Name soll von Ägypten u. zwar von dem Gott Jao (s.d.) zu den Juden gekommen u. von Moses nationalisirt… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Jehovah — • Proper name of God in the Old Testament Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • Jehovah — ► NOUN ▪ a form of the Hebrew name of God used in some translations of the Bible. ORIGIN Latin Iehouah, Iehoua, from Hebrew …   English terms dictionary

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